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Transitional Shelter as a binary shelter typology: What tell to donors to break the ethinotype mis-norma?
The major humanitarian issue in Somalia is the huge number of displaced people who live in a protracted emergency situation as long-term IDPs (internally displaced persons) in emergency makeshift shelters at the fridges of urban centers for almost two decades since the 90ties. They are clustered in small- to medium and large size IDP settlements, melted into the urban fabric and mixed with the urban poor. The living conditions are harsh with extremely limited access to all basic services, like water and sanitation. There is no personal or property protection (forced evictions), no affordable housing alternatives and only very limited work opportunities. Most long-term IDPs are socially and economically tied to their location, and generally have no property elsewhere – This makes an eventual return to their home areas highly unlikely. This situation continues to keep the young generations without prospects for any improvement of their living conditions, and viciously so in a loop of dependency on aid and a situation of constant vulnerability. The major issue for humanitarian assistance in Somalia is therefore be hypothesized as a chronic absence of long-term solutions to the continuous emergency situation, to the lack of livelihood opportunities, lack of proper shelter and security of land tenure, to forced evictions led by private landowners and local governments. The current famine catastrophe has once more shown the need for a multi-sector approach in humanitarian assistance to bridge the gap from live-saving assistance into resilience building and early recovery programming that can lead to a sustainable improvement of livelihoods and living situation. Why therefore, are post disaster recovery agencies trapped in a pendulum swash of institutional ethnography; unable to attach meaning to the truest meaning of 'Transitional shelter'? why are fortunes spend each year for the last twenty years to procure NFI's that bake in the tropical heat in not time? why stop at a 'quick fix CGI typology that rusts and corrodes away in the salts of Somalia? what would be ideal as proper transitional Shelter?